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71 Winter Vocabulary With Meaning and Examples

Winter vocabulary in English

Here you will learn English words and phrases related to winter. Practice your reading comprehension with a short text. Learn English terms related to winter vocabulary.


Winter vocabulary


When you hear the word "winter," what do you usually think of? The most common English words and phrases associated with winter such as snow, under the yellow and blizzard.

Learn some English winter vocabulary:


1. "Below/Sub" zero: Sub-zero temperatures are temperatures below zero degrees. adjective

  • The temperature had fallen below zero.

2. Blanket: A large piece of woolen or similar material used as a bed covering or other covering for warmth. noun

  • I slept on the ground covered by my blanket.

3. Blizzard: A severe snowstorm with high winds and low visibility. noun

    • We once got stuck in a blizzard for six hours.

4. Blustery: (of weather or a period of time) characterized by strong winds. adjective

  • A blustery wind was sending flurries of rain against the window.

5. Boots: A type of shoe that covers the whole foot and the lower part of the leg. noun

  • Don't forget your boots and shin pads.

6. Brisk: Active, fast, and energetic. adjective

  • A good brisk walk in rainy weather. 

7. Chill: A feeling of cold. noun

    • There was a chill in the air this morning.

8. Chilly: Uncomfortably cool or cold. adjective

  • It had turned chilly.

9. Chimney: A hollow structure that allows the smoke from a fire inside a building. noun

  • We made a chimney by bricks for winter.

10. Coat: An outer garment worn outdoors, having sleeves and typically extending below the hips. noun

  • A winter coat.

11. Cocoon: Envelop or surround in a protective or comforting way. verb

  • We began to feel cold even though we were cocooned in our sleeping bags.

12. Cold

A: Of or at a low or relatively low temperature, especially when compared with the human body. adjective

  • A freezing cold day.

B: A low temperature, especially in the atmosphere; cold weather; a cold environment. noun

  • My teeth chattered with the cold.

13. Cold snap: A sudden, brief spell of cold weather. noun

  • There was a cold snap after Christmas.

14. Cough

A: Expel air from the lungs with a sudden sharp sound. verb

  • He tried to speak and started to cough.

B: An act or sound of coughing. noun

  • She gave a discreet cough.

15. Drafty: (of an enclosed space) cold and uncomfortable because of currents of cool air. adjective

  • Anyone would get pneumonia living in the drafty old house.

16. Duvet: A large, soft, flat bag filled with feathers or artificial material used as a covering on a bed. noun

  • She pulled the duvet over her head to try to shut out the light.

17. Earmuffs: A pair of soft fabric coverings, connected by a band across the top of the head, that are worn over the ears to protect them from cold or noise. noun 

  • Wear earmuffs in places of high cold weather.

18. Fireplace: A place for a domestic fire, especially a grate or hearth at the base of a chimney. noun

  • Tess cleared the ashes from the fireplace

19. Firewood: Wood used as fuel for a fire. noun

  • We can use those old shelves as firewood.

20. Flannel: A kind of soft-woven fabric, typically made of wool or cotton and slightly milled and raised. noun

  • My longest, thickest flannel nightgown.

21. Fleece: A soft warm fabric with a texture similar to sheep's wool, used as a lining material. noun

    • A reversible fleece jacket.

22. Flu: Short for influenza. noun

  • I had a bad case of the flu.

23. Flurries: A sudden light fall of snow, blown in different directions by the wind. noun 

  • We might see a snow flurry or two tonight.

24. Fog

A: A thick cloud of tiny water droplets suspended in the Atmosphere at or near the earth's surface which obscures or restricts visibility (to a greater extent than mist; strictly, reducing visibility to below 1 km). noun

  • The collision occurred in thick fog.

B: (with reference to a glass surface) cover or become covered with steam. verb

  • Hot steam drifted about her, fogging up the window.

25. Freezing

A: Below 32°F (0°C). adjective

  • Strong winds and freezing temperatures.

B: The freezing point of water. noun

  • The temperature was well above freezing.

26. Frosty: (of the weather) very cold, with frost forming on surfaces. adjective

  • A cold and frosty morning.

27. Frozen

A: (of water) turned into ice, or (of food) preserved by freezing. adjective

  • They skated over the frozen lake.

B: If a person, or a part of their body is frozen, they are very cold. adjective

  • I'm frozen - could you close the window?

28. Glacial: Relating to, resulting from, or denoting the presence or agency of ice, especially in the form of glaciers. adjective

  • Thick glacial deposits.

29. Glacier: A slowly moving mass or river of ice formed by the accumulation and compaction of snow on mountains or near the poles. noun

  • Water comes right off the Glacier.

30. Gloves: A covering for the hand and wrist, with separate parts for the thumb and each finger, that provides warmth or protection. noun

  • Those gloves look nice and warm.

31. Heater: A person or thing that heats, in particular a device for warming the air or water. noun

  • A wall-mounted electric heater.

32. Hibernate: (of an animal or plant) spend the winter in a dormant state. verb

  • Some species hibernate in tree roosts.

33. Hypothermia: The condition of having an abnormally low body temperature, typically one that is dangerously low. noun

  • She was suffering from hypothermia.

34. Ice: Frozen water, a brittle transparent crystalline solid. noun

  • The pipes were blocked with ice.

35. Ice cap: A covering of ice over a large area, especially on the polar region of a planet. noun

  • The submarine sailed deep under the ice cap.

36. Ice storm: A storm in which frozen rain falls and covers everything with ice. noun

  • Northern New York is still recovering from last week's ice storm.

37. Icy: Covered with or consisting of ice. adjective

  • There were icy patches on the roads.

38. Jacket: A short coat. noun

  • I felt a bit chilly so I put on a jacket 


39. Melt

A: Make or become liquefied by heat. verb

  • The hot metal melted the wax.

B: An act or period of melting. noun

  • The precipitation falls as snow and is released during the spring melt. 

40. Muffler: A wrap or scarf worn around the neck and face for warmth. noun

  • Wear a muffler in the cold night air.

41. Overcast:

A: (of the sky or weather) marked by a covering of gray clouds; dull. adjective

  • A chilly, overcast day.

B: Clouds covering a large part of the sky. noun

  • The sky was leaden with overcast.

C: Cover with clouds or shade. verb

  • The pebbled beach, overcast with the shadows of the high cliffs.

42. Overcoat: A long thick coat worn in cold weather. noun

  • You should wear an overcoat in such a cold day.

43. Pullover: A garment, especially a sweater or jacket, put on over the head and covering the top half of the body. noun

  • Always take at least one heavy, woollen pullover with you, and a warm waterproof jacket.

44. Quilt: A warm bed covering made of padding enclosed between layers of fabric and kept in place by lines of stitching, typically applied in a decorative design. noun

  • The baby's legs flailed under the quilt.

45. Scarf: A length or square of fabric worn around the neck or head. noun

  • She tucked her woolly scarf around her neck.

46. Shiver

A: (of a person or animal) shake slightly and uncontrollably as a result of being cold, frightened, or excited. verb

  • They shivered in the damp foggy cold

B: A momentary trembling movement. noun

  • She gave a little shiver as the wind flicked at her bare arms.

47. Sleet: Rain containing some ice, as when snow melts as it falls. noun

  • Driving sleet and rain made conditions horrendous.

48. Slippery: If something is slippery, it is wet or smooth so that it slides easily or causes something to slide. adjective

  • The road was wet and slippery.

49. Slush: Partially melted snow or ice. noun

  • The snow was turning into brown slush in the gutters.

50. Sneeze

A: Make a sudden involuntary expulsion of air from the nose and mouth due to irritation of one's nostrils. verb

  • The smoke made her sneeze.

B: An act or the sound of expelling air from the nose in a sneeze. noun

  • He stopped a sudden sneeze.

51. Snow

A: Atmospheric water vapor frozen into ice crystals and falling in light white flakes or lying on the ground as a white layer. noun

  • We were trudging through deep snow.

B: Snow falls. verb

  • It's not snowing so heavily now.

52. Snow shovel: A snow shovel is a shovel designed for snow removal. noun

  • Does your neighbour like to shovel snow in the street in winter?

53. Snowball: A ball of packed snow, especially one made for throwing at other people for fun. noun

  • They pelted him with snowballs.

54. Snowfall: A fall of snow. noun 

  • Heavy snowfalls made travel absolutely impossible.

55. Snowstorm: A heavy fall of snow, especially with a high wind. noun

  • The snowstorm will last till tomorrow afternoon.

56. Snowy: Covered with snow. adjective

  • The weather has been very snowy recently.

57. Socks: A piece of clothing made from soft material that covers your foot and the lower part of your leg. noun

  • She likes to wear woolen socks in winter.

58. Solstice: The time or date (twice each year) at which the sun reaches its maximum or minimum declination, marked by the longest and shortest days (about June 21 and December 22). noun

  • The solstice marks the beginning of winter.

59. Storm

A: An extreme weather condition with very strong wind, heavy rain, and often thunder and lightning. noun

  • A lot of trees were blown down in the recent storms. 

B: Move angrily or forcefully in a specified direction. verb

  • She burst into tears and stormed off.

60. Stove: A stove is also a piece of equipment for heating a space inside a room, often using wood or a form of coal as a fuel. noun

  • The stove heats the room.

61. Sweater: A knitted garment typically with long sleeves, worn over the upper body. noun

  • A close-knit wool sweater for icy weather.

62. Thaw

A: (of ice, snow, or another frozen substance, such as food) become liquid or soft as a result of warming. verb

  • The river thawed and barges of food began to reach the capital.

B: A period of warmer weather that thaws ice and snow. noun

  • The thaw came yesterday afternoon.

63. Thermometer: An instrument for measuring and indicating temperature, typically one consisting of a narrow, hermetically sealed glass tube marked with graduations and having at one end a bulb containing mercury or alcohol that expands and contracts in the tube with heating and cooling. noun

  • When the thermometer is below zero water will freeze.

64. Toboggan

A: An object for sitting on and sliding over snow and ice that consists of a low frame which curves up at the front. noun

  • They gently transported her down the mountain in a toboggan.

B: To slide over snow and ice sitting on a toboggan. verb

  • We used to toboggan here when it snowed.

65. Turtleneck: A high, round collar that does not fold over on itself, or a piece of clothing with this type of collar. noun

  • I wore a turtleneck to keep my neck warm.

66. Windy: (of weather, a period of time, or a place) marked by or exposed to strong winds. adjective

  • A very windy day.

67. Winter

A: The coldest season of the year, in the northern hemisphere from December to February and in the southern hemisphere from June to August. noun

  • The tree has a good crop of berries in winter.

B: (of fruit and vegetables) ripening late in the growing season and suitable for storage over the winter. adjective

  • A winter apple.

C: (especially of a bird) spend the winter in a particular place. verb

  • Birds wintering in the Caribbean.

68. Wintry: Characteristic of winter, especially in feeling or looking very cold and bleak. adjective

  • A wintry landscape.

69. Wood stove: A metal container with a chimney (= a pipe for smoke to escape) and a door, and sometimes a place on top to cook on, in which you can burn wood to provide heat. noun

  • Heat is provided by a wood stove.

70. Wool: The fine, soft curly or wavy hair forming the coat of a sheep, goat, or similar animal, especially when shorn and prepared for use in making cloth or yarn. noun

  • Put on your red wool cardigan - it'll be nice and warm.

71. Woolens: Clothes made from wool or sometimes from wool mixed with artificial materials. noun

  • She likes to wear woolen socks in winter.


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