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12 Acne Causes and Treatment

Acne Causes and Treatment

Dear, acne is the eighth most common skin disease all over the world, and the number of people who have had acne has increased during the past two decades, especially among girls.

One study determined that 85 percent of females and 15 percent of males had acne in stomach ache. [S]

Causes of acne in adults


Women tend to get acne more often in adults than men. If you had acne as an adult, it could be one or more of the following causes, dermatologists from the Board of Directors of the American Academy of Dermatology said.[S]

1. Stress 

Researchers have found a link between stress and acne, in response to stress our bodies will release more androgens (a type of hormone).

These hormones stimulate the sebaceous glands and hair follicles in the skin, which may lead to the appearance of acne, and this explains why young people are alive and a constant problem when we find ourselves under constant pressure.

2. Physical stress 

Physical stress can also lead to hormonal changes, weakened immunity, and inflammation that may arise from

  • Bad weather 
  • Lack of sleep 
  • The disease
  • Drought 
  • Exposure to environmental irritants

Some research suggests that people with allergies, migraines, and those who go in are more likely to develop adult acne.

Air pollution may also contribute to acne in adults

3. Food 

Experts do not agree on whether food is a cause of breakouts or not, but many believe that excessive consumption of white flour products, sweets, dairy products and fast food may contribute to acne.


4. Genetics

Does a first-degree relative, such as a parent, brother or sister, have acne? The results of research studies suggest that some people may have a genetic predisposition to acne.

People with this predisposition are more likely to develop acne in adults.


5. Emotional stress

Emotional stress creates biological changes in the body that can lead to many other causes of acne

(The adrenal glands) secrete more of the stress hormone cortisol, which causes an imbalance in the skin


6. Hair and skin care products 

If you have eye acne you should read the labels on skin care and hair care products.

Make sure you see one of the following terms on each container.

  • (Non-comedogenic) 
  • (Non-acnegenic) 
  • oil-free, and clog pores.

Make sure your moisturizer, lotion, sunscreen, and all other products contain one of these conditions to transfer the potential for these products to cause acne.

7. Skin irritation 

Anything that irritates the skin can reduce the skin's defenses and due to a protective reaction that leads to inflammation, this may include harsh detergents or razors used against dry skin.


8. Side Effects of Medications 

Acne is a side effect of some medications. If you suspect that a medication is causing or worsening your acne.

Keep taking the medicine, but talk to the doctor who prescribed it for you

Ask if acne is a possible side effect If acne is a possible side effect.

Ask if you can take a different medication.

If you can't take another medication, you may want to tell a dermatologist who can help you control your acne

9. Clogged pores 

Excess oil can clog pores, and the rapid turnover of skin cells can back up the hair follicles. Either way, the result is usually acne.


10 .Undiagnosed medical condition 

Sometimes acne is a sign of an underlying medical condition once the medical condition is diagnosed and treated, acne often suffices

11. Hormones 

Fluctuating or excessive intake of male or female hormones can lead to acne in adults due to changes they make to the entire body and skin environment.

This can lead to imbalance, inflammation, differences in circulation, or excessive oil (sebum) production.

Hormonal fluctuations occur in the aging process and for females during:

  • Menstruation 
  • Pregnancy 
  • Postpartum period 
  • Natural breastfeeding

Hormonal acne usually appears deep and cyst-like, and is often painful or excruciating.


12. Bacteria

Propionibacterium acnes causes bacteria called acne when it is present in the skin especially if it can build up.

However, most people do not get acne, and lack of hygiene accumulates bacteria under the skin and cannot always be reached by cleaning the surface.

Acne Treatment


Sleep Unifies Several Effective Acne Treatments To get the most benefit from topical acne medications, follow these tips from American Board-certified dermatologists.[S]

The right acne treatment plan for you depends on many considerations, including:

  • What type of acne (i.e. blackheads, pimples, etc.) You have 
  • Where does acne appear on the skin? 
  • What treatments have you already tried?
  • When did the acne start appearing?
  • Your age
  • Whether your acne has left you with dark spots or scarring?

While the treatment plan can vary from patient to patient even for two patients with the same type of acne, treatment often follows these guidelines.

1. Whiteheads, blackheads, or both 

If you have these pimples, you will likely apply acne medication to your skin. Your treatment plan may include one of the following:

  • Retinoid
  • Retinoid + benzoyl peroxide, azelaic acid or salicylic acid
  • an antibiotic that you put on your skin

Women who still have pimples may need medications, such as birth control pills approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat acne.

The contraceptive patch may also be effective, as do some other medicines.


2. Acne nodules and extrusions 

If you suffer from deep, painful acne that often leaves a permanent acne scar, an effective treatment can help you see clearer skin and prevent new scars from forming.

Treatment may consist of:

  • Prescription medications that you put on your skin + take an antibiotic 
  • Hormone Therapy (for women only) 
  • Isotretinoin (a drug approved for severe acne)

3. Warts 

Mild or moderate pimples can be treated with medications that you put on your skin. Treatment often consists of applying one of the following:

  • Benzoyl peroxide 
  • Retinoid 
  • Azelaic acid 
  • Benzoyl peroxide + a retinoid or antibiotic that you put on your skin

Women who still have pimples may need medications, such as birth control pills approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat acne. The contraceptive patch may also be effective, as do some other medicines.


4. Laser or light therapy 

Studies show that lasers and light can help clear acne.

This type of treatment works best when combined with other acne treatments.


5. Corticosteroid injection 

If you have large, very painful and deep acne, a dermatologist can inject it with a corticosteroid.

This can quickly relieve pain and the size of the breakout.

Although effective, this treatment is intended to treat a small number of severe acne.

Using it more than a few times can cause side effects.

6. Eat a healthy diet 

Some studies suggest that what you eat can also help give you clearer skin. If you think what you're eating may be causing your acne breakouts, make sure you know what the research shows




You get the products you want. Even if you follow the acne application perfectly, new pimples can appear if you are too harsh on your skin.

You need gentle care to remove acne. If you scrub your face to clean it or wash it multiple times a day, you are irritating your skin. Anytime you irritate acne-prone skin, it can lead to pimples.

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