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Learn to Use GOING TO in English

Use "Going to"

Dears, "Going to" is not a time. It is a special structure that we use to talk about the future. 

 

Using "Going to" in questions

 

1- "Going to" in questions consists of: To be + subject + going to + infinitive.

  • Are you + going to watch + TV tonight?
  • Yes/No am not.

  •   Is + Hillary going to read + a book over the weekend?
  • Yes/No + she is not.
 

2- "Going to" in a question word consists of: Question word To be + subject + going to + infinitive.

  • Where + are you + going to spend + your holidays?
  • I am going to spend my holidays in Italy.

  •   What is Frank + going to have + for dinner?
  • He is going to have a pizza.

 

How do we use "Going to"?

 

1- It is used when the intention is to be used


We use "Going to" when we have an intention to do something before we speak. We've already made a decision before we speak. Look at these examples:

  • He has won the lottery. He says he's going to buy a Porsche.
  • We're not going to paint our bedroom tomorrow.
  • When are you going to go on holiday? 

So, in these examples, we had an intention or a plan before speaking. The decision was made before speaking. 


2- It is used to predict

We often use "Going to" to predict the future. Our prediction is based on current evidence. We say what we think will happen. Here are some examples:

  • The sky is very black. It's going to snow.
  • It's 8.30! You're going to miss your train!
  • I crashed the company car. My boss isn't going to be very happy!

So, in these examples, the current situation (black sky, time, damaged car) gives us a good idea of what will happen.

 

See: English phrases for asking directions


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